The population was 6,028 at the 2000 census. Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Nearchus Label from public data source Wikidata; Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Nearchus was unable to play any significant role in the struggles following Alexander’s death (323); the statement of a late source that he recovered his former satrapies is doubtful. Nearchus , , 360 - 300 Admiral of Alexander the Great, famous for his exploration of the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Works: 45 works in 76 publications in 6 languages and 699 library holdings Genres: History Roles: Performer: Classifications: G159, 910.4: Publication Timeline. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. 312 B.C. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. 14,345 reviews. Much more can be said about an undated inscription from Delphi (Syll.3266), which lists the honours awarded to ‘Nearchus the Cretan son of Androtimos’: an earlier date (between 336 and 334 BC) is favoured by B., who argues that the Delphians expres sed their gratitude to Alexander, who was to succeed Philip shortly afterwards, by conferring honours to one of his friends. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b.Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great or Alexander III, 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. A native of Lato in Crete and son of Androtimus, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II's reign (we must assume after Philip took the city in 357 BC), at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. His celebrated voyage from what is now Pakistan to Susa after Alexander's expedition in north-western Indian subcontinent is preserved in Arrian's account, the Indica. Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. I drove all around Crete and this was one of my favorite parts of the drive (by the way, see my guide on driving in Crete). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Crete is the largest island in Greece, and the fifth largest one in the Mediterranean Sea. Youth and Kingship The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education. Overview. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.4361. Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. ), conquered the Greek city-states with the aim of uniting all of Greece and going on to subdue the dying empire of the Persians. It is likely that they remained in exile until afte… #1 of 691 Outdoor Activities in Crete. 6. The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a … Nearchus (Greek Νέαρχος, Nearchos; c. 360 – 300 BC) was one of the officers, a navarch, in the army of Alexander the Great. Legend has it that Leto's union with Zeus produced Artemis and Apollo. The nearest stop is in Kritsa, from where it's a 3km walk north. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Here, you can admire the remnants of brilliant civilizations, explore glorious beaches, impressive mountainscapes, fertile valleys and steep gorges, and become part of the island’s rich gastronomic culture. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. The first European civilization, the Minoan, emerged here between 2800 BC and 1400 BC. Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. Nearchus nēär´kəs [ key], fl. Totally away from all the crowds, this area is very dry, the vegetation low. NOW 50% OFF! Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). In 325 BC, Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. Alexander's father, Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 b.c. It is likely that if he did serve on a ship, this must have happened before the time he joined the forces of Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c. The site is off the Kritsa–Lakonion Rd. Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc ), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander(3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Nearchus. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. Mirabello area has activity on the site continued throughout the Minoan Bronze Age and the Classical Greek and Roman periods, spanning a total of up to 4,000 years. Nearchus -approximately 312 B.C. About two hours by car from Heraklion, this charming historic city has a local population of … Nearchus embarked on his expedition in 325, when Alexander descended the Indus River to the sea. Nearchus, an admiral under Alexander the Great, is believed to hail from Lato, whose name derives from the goddess Leto. Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. Lakkis Koukoutsakis, a tour guide and restaurant owner in Azogires, a placid hamlet 7km north of Paleohora, sums it up: ‘among us here live about 13 Cretans, eight Greeks, two English and one Dutch’, he quips. He shared his exile with Ptolemy, Harpalus, Erigyiusand Laomedon. Billecocq, Jean Baptiste Louis Joseph (1765-1829) Vincent, William (1739-1815) Date: 1799. ): in conquering his vast Greco-Macedonian empire, Alexander relied on land troops, using his navy almost solely for transport. Nearchus (360-300 BC) was a Macedonian admiral in the service of Alexander the Great.He was the first Greek to visit Bahrain, doing so during a famed voyage from the Indus River to the Persian Gulf.. τή, calls him a native of Lete in Macedonia, but this is certainly a mistake. Nearchus of Crete -approximately 312 B.C. Nearchus, admiral of Alexander the Great, was born at Lato. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for 160 miles (260 km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from 7.5 to 37 miles (12 to 60 km). Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. 312 B.C. Valuable detail is preserved, and there are traces of a critical attitude to Alexander (his account of the transit of Gedrosia is a catalogue of horrors); but there is much fantasy and his own importance is systematically exaggerated. The career of Nearchus (360-312 b.c. Updates? ), who came from Crete, is inexorably tied with that of his friend and leader, Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.) His memoirs of Alexander's campaign were popular, used in extenso by *Strabo and *Arrian, but their title, economy, and dimensions are hard to fathom. Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. Dr. A. G. Keen has suggested that the borders of Lycia as outlined in Ps.-Skylax, where the eastern border runs between Perge and Aspendos and the western border includes Telmessos, may reflect the extent of Nearchus' command at this time (edd. Already in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the hero of a full-scale…. Omissions? Youth and Kingship. Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Even today the hospitality of the Cretans is more than a ritual. We don’t know where the exiles went, but they were recalled only after Philip’s death, on Alexander’s accession. He was almost certainly older than Alexander, as were Ptolemy, Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born in Crete. Crete is big enough to be its own country, and its people love distinguishing themselves from other Greeks. Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was o… Crete is located at 40°37′29″N 96°57′33″W / 40.62472°N 96.95917°W / 40.62472; -96.95917 (40.624790, -96.959178). 6. Biography. Crete's second largest city is also known as it's most charming. Some fo the best landscapes I have seen. Crete is a city in Saline County, Nebraska, United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.1 km²), all of it land. Meaning of nearchus. Nearchus was born in Lato, Crete, Ancient Greece in 360 BC, and his family settled in Amphipolis, Macedonia shortly after Philip II of Macedon's conquest of the city in 357 BC. Still, we find Cretans everywhere: Philip (r.360-336) and Alexander (r.336-323) of Macedonia employed archers from Crete and Alexander's admiral was a Cretan named Nearchus. #145 of 304 Nature & Parks in Crete "The bird life, alpine flowers, and butterflies are abundant, and a real pleasure for me was the hike across three good-sized snow fields on the route to the top." Crete is the birthplace of Zeus, the ruler of the gods, people and hospitality. Nearchus was put in command. Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. You do not currently have access to this article, Access to the full content requires a subscription. Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). What does nearchus mean? Nearchus (nēär`kəs), fl. Corrections? Nearchus . Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). "... places to visit on the … At some point in around 337, probably as a result of the Pixodarus affair, Nearchus was banished by Philip. Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. The history of Crete goes back to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than four millennia. 324 BC, Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nearchus, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Nearchus. Definition of nearchus in the Definitions.net dictionary. You drive with views of the Xerokambos gorge all the way to the beach where there are hardly any buildings. A native of Lato in Crete, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II’s reign, at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. 3. Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was one of Alexander’s ‘mentors’ – as Heckel explains it, “older advisers of the Prince” – and he was exiled by Philip as a result of the Pixodarus affair (Arr 3.6.5; Pl Alex 10.4). There are no buses to Lato. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (nēär`kəs), fl. of Crete VIAF ID: 52502139 (Personal) Elafonissi Beach. Earlier Established Forms Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period ), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. ... Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born on Crete. He chronicled the journey in a detailed narrative, a full abstract of which is included in Arrian’s Indica (2nd century ad). Nearchus apparently came from Crete, and at some point in his career gained naval experience. More. Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander (3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce ); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. Crete is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean and the largest of the islands forming part of modern Greece. The extant citations refer to events in India and to Nearchus' own voyage in the southern Ocean. Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... 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