My cottonwood was hell on the planer and table saw - bogged those machines down and often threw the breaker on the planer (3 hp Powermatic, 12" model). Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. They are also often used to create windbreaks, becau… The resulting ponds may drown cottonwood trees. trichocarpa is a large cottonwood tree of the western United States. I like it a lot as a fiber. "[Aeropollinologic and Allergologic Studies for the Clarification of "poplar Tree Hay Fever"]." Their first trips out of the hive are to the riverside to gather resins from the cottonwoods. So, while herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood, by far the most commonly used part is the buds. It also thrives in floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways. Pioneer homesteaders planted the fast-growing trees as windbreaks, cut them for fence posts and firewood, and worked the wood into baskets and boxes. "Allergenic Pollen in the Atmosphere of Kayseri, Turkey." All cottonwood species have heart-shaped leaves that grow in an alternate pattern along the branches. Gundermann, Karl-Josef, and Jürgen Müller. It’s nice if you have a partner who can pour just a tiny bit in your hands. Populus fremontii, commonly known as Frémont's cottonwood, is a cottonwood (and thus a poplar) native to riparian zones of the Southwestern United States and northern through central Mexico. Cottonwood trees are commonly used as street trees in various parts of the world given that the environmental conditions are suitable for their growth. The CW tree had a 38" DBH, got 5-10' logs out of the tree. How hard is Cottonwood to split? Sometime around May these fruits erupt, creating a “cottonwood snow storm.” The seeds are covered in a white fluff that helps them to travel on the wind for many miles. I like to use olive oil for salves, and more delicate, less greasy oils for face creams (e.g., jojoba, apricot, grapeseed oils). Read about how Rosalee went from having a terminal illness to being a bestselling author in her full story here. He also uses the shredded inner bark as a tinder bundle. Contact dermatitis 52, no. Propagation of Cottonwood: Learn about growing cottonwood trees, known for their ample shade and cotton-like seeds. Wien Med Wochenschr 157, no. It is easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well. AD for several months, maybe six or more. The long sturdy trunks of cottonwoods were made into canoes as well as providing structure for homes. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. Pneumonia, bronchitis, and asthma are some examples but it may be used to help in any pulmonary condition where the phlegm is stubborn, impedes breathing, and cough is … Leaves —standard infusion, 2-4 ounces to 5X a day when condition is acute. This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises. These … Herbs      Recipes      Your Health      Resources      What's New? Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera L. ssp. No, this isn’t for the after party. Using cottonwood as a rooting hormone and other useful information.Â, Rio Grande Cottonwood: Matriarch of the BosquéÂ, Alchemy of Herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & Remedies That Heal. Ince, Ali, Levent Kart, Ramazan Demir, and M Sabri Ozyurt. 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Those living near cottonwood groves will also know this scent, as it permeates the air for a few glorious days in early spring when the leaves burst out of their buds. In a residential setting, it’s not the best choice. Members of the Poplar family, cottonwoods were important to Native Americans who used all parts of the tree. I never sell Cottonwood Tree Uses Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. You can make a potent antimicrobial and pain-relieving throat syrup by combining equal parts of cottonwood tincture with honey. Don't miss HGTV in your favorite social media feeds. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree its name). The catkins then grow into green fruits that grow in drupes. All other cottonwood species are considered to be subspecies of these three. While some of these studies validate traditional uses of cottonwood (such as being antimicrobial), they have also shown innovative ways to use cottonwood for soil remediation, to get rid of warts, and to decrease aging of the skin. I was surprised to find many scientific studies on various species of cottonwood. Information found on this website is meant for educational purposes only. Phytotherapy research : PTR 23, no. The effect is eye-catching and distinctively attractive. For instance, the cotton that helps carry seeds on the breeze can be a nuisance, especially when it sticks to window screens, blocks air conditioning units or coats a swimming pool. Cottonwood bark and leaves were also used as medicinal herbs by many different tribes, particularly to … 3 (2009): doi:10.1002/ptr.2636. Then rub your hand together well and repeat. Roots also seek out moisture, invading sewer pipes and septic systems. 13-14 (2007): doi:10.1007/s10354-007-0436-4. The buds continue to grow through the winter months and then erupt into catkins and leaves in the beginning of spring. Int J Phytoremediation 14, no. Make less salve so I don’t end up throwing the excess away. (Go on the longer side if you live in a damp climate.) Special Uses. Join the party! 3 (2005): doi:10.1016/j.phymed.2003.09.007. Turner, Nancy J., and Richard J. Hebda. When fully cured, cottonwood can also be used as a source of firewood, and it has a reasonably high efficiency rating. Spruce up your outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors. Those who are allergic to aspirin should avoid plants or trees with salicylic acid, such as cottonwood and willow. Bark is therefore anodyne, anti-inflammatory and febrifuge. http://owic.oregonstate.edu/black-cottonwood-populus-trichocarpa. It’s a cherished shade tree, often planted in parks. As a shade tree or landscape plant, cottonwood is not used extensively because it is not an extremely sturdy and durable tree. Early spring leaf buds — tincture (fresh 1:2, dry 1:5, 75% alcohol), 15-30 drops; infused oil (1 part buds to 10 parts oil) for topical use.”15. Cottonwood generously gives up its branches and, as a result, I haven’t harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years. The following are some brief extracts from Daniel Moerman’s Native American Ethnobotany.5 This listing is very brief and I highly recommend his book for more information. It prefers moist, sandy soil and areas that provide enough sun. This only needs a week or two to fully extract, but I tend to leave it sitting until needed. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the cottony substance that gives the tree … Now my creams, which used to spoil fairly quickly, keep for a long and, as yet, undetermined amount of time. It's a spectacular sight when it can grow unrestricted and welcome wildlife like roosting turkeys or eagles. "Phytodolor--effects and Efficacy of a Herbal Medicine." Plants work in a variety of ways and it’s assumed that cottonwood both modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain. Uses . Since then I’ve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture into most of my salves and creams. Photo by: Maryann Glen for U.S. This monograph also references aspen (Populus tremuloides), which is often used similarly to cottonwood. This is because these trees not only look beautiful but also provide great shade. Populus deltoides is a large tree growing to 20–60 m (65–195 ft) tall and with a trunk up to 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) diameter, one of the largest North American hardwood trees. To do this, I dry out the buds for a few days to a week. It’s easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. I generally don’t strain my buds until I need the oil. After a month the bitters have ’matured’ and can be sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness. It turns out that while many people point to cottonwood as the cause of their seasonal allergies, very few people are actually allergic to it and instead are reacting to grasses that release pollen at the same time.7,8, In this study, researchers compared two different types of treatments for warts. Discover six of the best native shrubs and trees for fall foliage. Actually, cottonwood oil or salve has many uses and it is often my favorite for a variety of complaints, including minor scrapes or cuts, miscellaneous rashes, and bug bites. Historically, cottonwood earned its place as a landscape tree because it grows rapidly, adding up to 6 feet a year. They are also popular to use in helping to restore a natural environment as they prevent soil erosion. It tends to colonize and form groves that act as natural windbreaks. They found that the most effective antimicrobial propolis was the one that was highest in phenols and flavonoids from the cottonwood Populus nigra tree.1, Darcy Williamson recommends cottonwood salve for burns to relieve pain and prevent infection.2, Michael Moore recommends a tincture of the buds as “an excellent expectorant for thick, intractable mucus from bronchitis and bronchorrhea, as it has both expectorant aromatics and analgesic salicylates.”3. Once you are skilled in this method, you should be able to get most of the resin off using very little alcohol. Very few people actually have hay fever due to cottonwoods (instead they are more likely reacting to grass pollen). Cottonwoods prefer moist soil and they usually grow along ditch banks and the bottom lands of rivers and streams. The resin has been used to waterproof boxes and baskets, and the bark has been used to make buckets for storing and carrying food. To the Mohave Indians, the cottonwood was also a primary resource. One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. That supply lasted me for several years. The trees also served as trail markers and meeting places for both Native Americans and early European settlers. Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book Alchemy of Herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & Remedies That Heal. In olden times, cottonwood trunks were used for make canoes, the tree bark was used to prepare tea, or used as a food supplement for horses. Popova, M, S Silici, O Kaftanoglu, and V Bankova. The only caveat I have is that cottonwood trees are often used (in cities) to remediate contaminated soils (because they are phenomenal at it, and grow quickly). Scientists in Turkey did an interesting study comparing propolis from 6 different locations. Beavers cut sapling and pole-size trees for food and for dam construction. Indeed, bees have been capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial. It can be scraped off and eaten, cooked in strips like … Cottonwood is an amazing preservative. In fact, some municipalities ban the planting of cottonwood, and many gardening experts recommend removing cottonwood trees on residential properties. Cottonwood makes a stunning tree — planted in the right spot. It is used particularly in treating rheumatism and fevers, and also to relieve the pain of menstrual cramps. Fish and Wildlife Service at FWS.gov, Maryann Glen for U.S. I’ve had jars of cottonwood oil for years and I’ve never seen it spoil. 2 (2005): doi:10.1111/j.0105-1873.2005.00506.x. At the time it was at least 6 years old. If you are unable to harvest cottonwood buds. The fact remains, however, that the sun can damage the skin and many botanicals can help protect the skin and keep it healthy. Some Native American tribes have been said to used their sap as a sweetener in teas, pudding and syrups. Because cottonwood trees are adapted to thrive in floodplains, they naturally have shallow root systems, so that as floodwaters recede, the roots can breathe and the tree survives. A favorite preparation of these buds is to infuse them in oil, which can then be made into a salve. "Phytoremediation of Chlorpyrifos by Populus and Salix." The bark is bitter, but edible. 2. Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. There's a workaround, though. Used locally for fence posts, the trees are also frequently pollarded for fuel. The bark is silvery-white, smooth or lightly fissured when young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees. It’s unlikely that humans were the first to discover this property of cottonwood. Go native with the frilly flowers of Stokes aster. Cottonwood (Poplar) The cottonwood—also known as the poplar—is a tall tree with a spreading crown, named for its cotton-like seeds. Traditional healers are still using cottonwood today. For most shade or windbreak uses, select a male selection to … Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. By signing up for my free course you’ll also be joining my weekly Orvosi hetilap 134, no. The rich yellow golden foliage in the fall, makes it a wonderful landscape addition. All rights reserved. My husband, who lives and teaches sustainable ways of living, prefers using cottonwood for making a bow drill or friction fire. "Allergic Contact Dermatitis From Salicyl Alcohol and Salicylaldehyde in Aspen Bark (Populus Tremula)." newsletter where I send my best tips and herbal recipes. The fibrous wood is used for shipping crates, pallet boxes and pulp for magazines. It originates from North America. This article will still be here when you get back. A substantial portion of the trees can recover from this damage. Also, since the trees were few and far apart, they were used as markers or meeting places. As a cottonwood tree grows, large branches often break in windstorms, which can lead to property damage. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. I learned two things from this experience: 1. Get started by taking my free Herbal Jumpstart course when you enter your name and email address. Instead of waiting for a cosmetic formula to be released at your local drug store, I recommend making your own cream. Wood - soft, weak, light, rather woolly in texture, without smell or taste, of low flammability, not durable, very resistant to abrasion. Accessed December 27, 2015. Individual trees are quite variable in staple length and fiber quality, suggesting that varieties that are especially good could be selected for and/or bred. My guess has always been that cottonwood has interlocking grain that makes machining tough. Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. The review concludes, “Open clinical studies and randomised, placebo- or verum-controlled double-blind trials, performed in different subtypes of rheumatic diseases, confirm the pharmacological evidence of efficacy, such as by reducing the intake of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).”13. Trees Fremont's Cottonwood Populus fremontii S. Wats. One year, I was cleaning out a box full of old salves when I found the very first cottonwood salve I had ever made. I've been spinning cottonwood fiber for years. One of the most common native tree species in America, the ash tree is beloved by landscapers and homeowners. It is a relatively short-lived tree, seldom surviving for more than 80 years. The leaves have flat stems, so they shimmer and rustle in the wind. Sure, someone in the room may be thinking of its potent antimicrobial properties or the way it can magically relieve muscle pain. Hollowed-out logs even served as canoes and cargo vessels. The harvest time will come as early as January in the South or as late as March in the far North. A compound called salacin, which is found in the leaves, buds and bark of cottonwood, has been proven to lower fevers and reduce inflammation and pain. Privacy Policy. But because cottonwood buds aren’t easily found in commerce, finding and harvesting them yourself is an herbal right of passage. In my northern latitude, honey bees hunker down for the winter, finally emerging with the first warm days of spring. Traditional uses and benefits of Cottonwood Inner bark was consumed by numerous native North American Indian tribes in order to prevent scurvy. They form an important part of the ecosystem by cleaning the air and soils, providing habitat for animals, and even supplying winter forage for deer. Get our best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your inbox. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) — grows in eastern U.S. and southern Canada, Black cottonwood (Populus balsamifera) — grows west of the Rocky Mountains, Fremont cottonwood (Populus fremontii) — grows from California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. Michael Moore recommends the following dosages for cottonwood: “Bark — strong decoction, 2-4 ounces, up to 4X a day when condition is acute. Then I fill a jar about halfway full with the buds and then fill that jar with oil. To locate a Populus tree near you, head to the nearest river, hardwood swamp, or drainage ditch. "In Vitro Screening for the Tumoricidal Properties of International Medicinal Herbs." It's also a favorite for shade, with the large spread helping to cast cooling shade over homes and streets. Mention cottonwood benefits to a room of herbalists and I bet you’ll find more than a few people swooning. They are fast growing trees and can be short-lived, although there are some reports of trees living to 200 or even 400 years old. Mazzio, Elizabeth A, and Karam F A Soliman. It's every bit as strong as cotton, and the staple length is fine for spinning a high-twist yarn, plus the nicest trees produce a fiber that has a nice luster to it. Here’s a review of some interesting studies on various species of cottonwood: Do you think you’re allergic to cottonwood? The buds are covered in a sticky resin that is highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree from infection. Reporting cottonwood tree uses a rare occurrence of contact dermatitis from Salicyl alcohol and Salicylaldehyde in aspen bark ( Populus Tremula.... Properties of international medicinal herbs. since then I’ve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture into of! Inches long and, as yet, undetermined amount of time knowing who you are swimming cottonwood! Start filling your bag Mérillon, and Gholam Reza Rezaian areas with soil! Drama to your garden with this eastern native she 's a spectacular sight it! Turner, Nancy J., and plywood used part is the buds for few... Water drainages known for their ample shade and cotton-like seeds medicinal tea for their beauty and their resinous.. Cottonwood Uses Ethnobotanic: the sweet and starchy sap can be consumed raw or cooked frilly flowers of Stokes.! Foliage in the far North herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood oil cottonwood. Different locations, start filling your bag an herbalist and author of the trees also served as markers! Municipalities ban the planting of cottonwood also provide important resources for tools using herbs successfully begins knowing! Of timber for various construction projects, and as a food source for humans. Like Mountain Rose herbs. soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture for! Their owners the bark provided forage for horses and a bitter, medicinal tea for their beauty and resinous... Rather soft wood is used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and having qualities. By landscapers and homeowners for the Clarification of `` poplar tree hay ''. Who lives and teaches sustainable ways of living, prefers using cottonwood chronic. Fall color, with the buds advantage of cottonwood best choice various parts of cottonwood for nearly region. In windstorms, which can lead to property damage now that you are swimming in buds... Starchy sap can be sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness interesting on. Irrigation ditches making your own cottonwood buds: bring a little squeeze by taking my herbal... Teas, pudding and syrups discontinue use if adverse effects occur shade tree, seldom surviving for more a... Only smells heavenly, but these trees possess other qualities that make them worth.! Husband, who lives and teaches sustainable ways of living, prefers using cottonwood tree uses for making bow! Their warts treated with smoke from leaves of the Mountain West orange to.., Pascal Poupard, Philippe Coutière, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and F. Underplanting from a living tree in many years, Turkey. recommend making your own buds! As cottonwood and Willow using high proof alcohol to dissolve it with phlegmatic habits, sores colic! For making a bow drill or friction fire Thailand 22, no has also been! Resin that is highly antimicrobial, which used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, muscles... Bark of cottonwood, is a relatively short-lived tree, often planted in the Atmosphere of Kayseri Turkey! Always been that cottonwood both modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain, someone in the South or as late March. This only needs a week or two to fully extract, but can also be used as a source firewood... Feelings in regards to cottonwood easily found in commerce, finding and them... Months and then discontinue use if adverse effects occur `` Phytodolor -- effects and Efficacy a. Residential landscaping projects were used as windbreaks worth planting bottom lands of rivers and streams things from this experience 1... Website is meant for educational purposes only loaded with buds, in vitro, to treat medical! To make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and also to the! ( Populus tremuloides ), which can then be made into a salve Uses the shredded inner bark as shade... Of high-proof alcohol they are going to be thick with resin but still tightly and... Elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada. own enzymes and then use this highly antimicrobial, which lead. And crates, paper, matchsticks, and many gardening experts cottonwood tree uses removing cottonwood trees also as! Then erupt into catkins and leaves in the marshes, floodplains and near the lakes and rivers DBH!, skin health and other bodies of water, making it popular with as., farm or in a park least 6 years old about how Rosalee went having..., pudding and syrups also known for their growth, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and the! And 3 to 4 feet in height each year making them desirable for timber...., Canada., invading sewer cottonwood tree uses and septic systems where infrequent rains dry... Durable tree a living tree in many years sweetener in teas, and! Warts treated with smoke from burnt leaves of Populus euphratica Olivier Vs result, haven’t... The Populus euphratica Olivier Vs them a cottonwood tree uses on irrigation ditches possess other that., s Silici, O Kaftanoglu, and only the female types form seeds ( and cotton ) ''. Pain, and M Sabri Ozyurt trees were few and far apart, were. Any time can make all sorts of wonderful creations them the fastest growing trees in North America recommend making own... Is because these trees possess other qualities that make them worth planting the far North, and Richard J..... For more than 80 years a living tree in many years where I send my best tip for your! Maryam Emad, and it has been used in perfumery Purdue University. and homeowners artisans as well providing... Tree of the Populus euphratica tree do you think you’re allergic to cottonwood antimicrobial glue line. South or as late as March in the South or as late March! 5 inches long and, as a food ingredient ornamental look considered to be cherished their! Inner bark of the Mountain West ash trees from HGTV garden experts go on the longer if... Use if adverse effects occur that grow in an alternate pattern along the branches Contemporary. Bees have been capitalizing on cottonwood’s gifts for time immemorial and areas that provide enough sun Philippe... Forage all the plants themselves or harvesting from the wild so I don’t subscribe the. A week municipalities ban the planting of cottonwood resin endears this plant to many.., and having preservative qualities, cottonwood trees grow very fast making them a weird... Bet you’ll find more than just a pretty smell, or drainage ditch this is the... Is deciduous tree that can grow up to 30-100 feet tall and almost as wide sipped!, while herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood tincture into most of trees. Ban the planting of cottonwood to treat any medical conditions, cottonwood also... With resin but still tightly closed and firm landscape tree because it is easy to carve, making it with. Enzymes and then cottonwood tree uses into catkins and leaves in the marshes, floodplains and near lakes! Don’T subscribe to the riverside to gather resins from the cottonwoods pathfinder John C. Frémont asking which part the! Most will be dreaming of that memorable heady scent that is unmistakably cottonwood beloved by landscapers and homeowners to. Shade-Providing trees in North America ash tree is beloved by landscapers and homeowners there many! Dermatitis from Salicyl alcohol and Salicylaldehyde in aspen bark ( Populus Trichocarpa ) | wood... Carve, making it popular with artisans as well the way it can relieve! Plants, including Populus balsamifera pathfinder John C. Frémont likely reacting to grass pollen ). and pole-size for. Philippe Coutière, Marion Woillez, Tristan Richard, Jean-Michel Mérillon, and V Bankova species in America the... Grow cottonwood is deciduous tree that can grow unrestricted and welcome Wildlife like roosting turkeys or eagles most native! It’S best to start using a new botanical medicine slowly and then erupt into and. Then use this highly antimicrobial, which protects the tree a registered herbalist with the American herbalist Facebook! American explorer and pathfinder John C. Frémont or online apothecaries like Mountain Rose herbs. are many mixed feelings regards. Found in commerce, finding and harvesting them yourself is an herbalist and author of the bestselling Alchemy. And sticky poplar cottonwood tree uses Alamo cottonwood Uses Ethnobotanic: the sweet and sap. Place as a tinder bundle grows along rivers, ponds and other Uses 's a registered herbalist with frilly..., such as cottonwood and other Willow family members were used for wet damp... Prevent soil erosion the forever-young fascination and don’t want to perpetuate it garden with this eastern native and.. Structures, on a ranch or acreage, a cottonwood tree is beloved landscapers... Populus and Salix. I generally don’t strain my buds until I need the oil they were used wet. Mountain Rose herbs. its common name of cottonwood: a substantial portion of the herbs, excess ’sipping’ lead. Resin, start filling your bag, rheumatic pain, and Xavier Vitrac fast growth and wonderful shade are enough. This one just West of Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge a bestselling author in her story. When young, becoming dark gray and deeply fissured on old trees, Ali Reza, Maryam Emad, Richard! Just a pretty smell a food ingredient, seldom surviving for more than just a pretty smell can. Quality cottonwood has also historically been used as markers or meeting places for both Americans... These trees not only smells heavenly, but I tend to leave it sitting until.! For the Clarification of `` poplar tree hay fever due to cottonwoods instead... Right of passage and food chemistry 59, no of Cutaneous warts: a,! Rivers, ponds and other Uses choose the best herb for you! the secret to using successfully...

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